Brazilian Jiu Jitsu | Brazil Academy
Classes available for Adults and Kids
Learn from the Best, World Champion Instructors.
The Brazilian Jiu Jitsu program is lead by World Champion, US Champion and Brazilian Champion Luis Felipe Ninja Pinto, a Black Belt of Nova Uniao under Leonardo Pecanha. Ninja was Ranked number one as a brown belt in his division in the World by the International Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation (IBJJF).
Our classes mainly focus on the traditional Brazilian Jiu Jitsu with Kimono (GI), but sometimes we have special classes or seminars that focus on the No-GI style as well.
BJJ permits a wide variety of techniques to take the fight to the ground after taking a grip. Once the opponent is on the ground, a number of maneuvers (and counter-maneuvers) are
available to manipulate the opponent into a suitable position for the application of a submission technique. Achieving aes and submission holds involving joint-locks and choke holds also found in numerous other arts with or without ground fighting emphasis. The premise is that most of the advantage of a larger, stronger opponent comes from superior reach and more powerful strikes, both of which are somewhat negated when grappling on the ground.
dominant position on the ground is one of the hallmarks of the BJJ style, and includes effective use of the guard position to defend oneself from bottom, and passing the guard to dominate from top position with side control, mount, and back mount positions. This system of maneuvering and manipulation can be likened to a form of kinetic chess when utilized by two experienced practitioners. A submission hold is the equivalent of checkmate.
Types of submissionThe majority of submission holds can be grouped into two broad categories: joint locks and chokes. Joint locks t
ypically involve isolating an opponent’s limb and creating a lever with the body position which will force the joint to move past its normal range of motion, generally
referred to as hyperextension. Pressure is increased in a controlled manner and released if the opponent cannot escape the hold and signals defeat by submitting. Opponents can indicate submission verbally or they can tap out (i.e. tap the opponent, the mat, or even themselves, several times.) A choke hold, disrupting the blood supply to the brain, can cause unconsciousness if the opponent does not submit soon enough. A less common type of submission hold is a compression lock, w
Join Lockshere the muscle of an opponent is compressed against a hard, large bone (commonly the shin or wrist), causing significant pain to the opponent. This type of lock often also hyper-extends the joint in the opposite direction, pulling it apart.
While many joint locks are permitted, most competitions bar or restrict some or all joint locks involving t he knees, ankles, and spine. The reason for this is that the angles of manipulation required to cause pain are nearly the same as those that would cause serious injuries. Joint locks that require a twisting motion of the knee (called twistin
g knee locks or twisting knee bars, or techniques such as heel hooks, and toe folds) are usually banned in competitions because successfully completing the move nearly always resu lts in permanent damage that requires surgery. Similarly, joint manipulations of the spin e are typically barred due to the inherent danger of crushing or mis-aligning cervical vertebrae. Certain locks involving the knees and ankles are only allowed in competition starting at the brown belt. Any competitor from white to purple belt who attempts any of those locks may be disqualified. However, m ost joint locks involving the wrist, elbow, shoulder or ankle are permitted as there is a great deal more flexibility in those joints and those locks a re safe to use under tournament conditions. Also, some fighters practice moves whose sole purpose is to i nflict pain upon their opponent, in the hope that they will tap out. This includes driving knuckles into pressure points, holding their opponent’s head in order t o tire out the neck (called the “can opener” or kubi-hishigi) and putting body weight on top of the sternum, floating ribs, or similarly sensitive bones. These moves are not true submission moves – they are generally only used as distractions mostly in lower levels of competition. They are avoided or brutally countered in middle to upper levels of competition.
Chokes and strangles (commonly but somewhat incorrectly referred to as “air chokes” and “blood chokes” respectively) are a common form of submission. Chokes involve constriction of the windpipe (causing asphyxia.) Strangles involve constriction of the carotid artery (causing ischemia.) Air chokes are less efficient than strangles and may result in damage to the opponent’s trachea, sometimes even resulting in death. By contrast, blood chokes (strangulations) cut the flow of blood to the opponent’s brain, causing a rapid loss of consciousness without damaging any internal structures. Being “choked-out” in this way is relatively safe as long as the choke is released soon enough after unconsciousness, letting blood back into the brain before oxygen deprivation damage begins. However, it should not be practiced unsupervised. The prevalence of the more dangerous “air” chokes has led to the banning of choke holds from some United States police departments. Because of the negative legal connotations of the words “choke” and “strangulation”, it is advisable to use the term “lateral vascular restraint” when describing a blood choke used in a self-defense situation.
Sport Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu’s focus on submissions without the use of strikes while training allows practitioners to practice at full speed and with full power, resembling the effort used in a real competition. Training methods include technique drills in which techniques are practiced against a non-resisting partner; isolation sparring where only a certain technique or sets of techniques are used against full resistance; and full sparring in which each opponent tries to submit their opponent using any legal technique. Physical conditioning is also an important part.
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